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围 棋 术 语 翻 译

头衔及组织


名人 Meijin
本因坊 Honinbo
王座 oza
棋院 ki-in(GO institute)
各誉本因坊 Houourable Honinbo
关西棋院 kansai ki-ni(kansai GO Institute)
 

一般用语


围棋运动员 goer; weiqi player
段位 dan grading
级 kyu
比赛 shiai
擂台赛 knockout tournament
快棋 Haya-go(fast game)
大手合 oteai

基本术语


读秒 byo-yomi
欺招 hamete(trick play)
厚 thickness
气 liberty
轻 karui (light)
失着 slip
本手 honte (proper move)
对杀 semeai
好手 tesuji
后手 gote
劫 ko
缓气劫 yose-ko (approach-move-ko)
筋 suji
双活 seki (impasse)
脱先 kenuki
无忧劫 hanami-ko
交换 furikawari(exchange)
手割 tewari
味道 aji (potential)
先手得利 kikashi
眼 eye
星小目布局 hoshi-komoku fuseki
走次序 sequence
一间夹 ikken bsasme
手筋 tesuji
见合 miai
大模样作战 big moyo ;large moyo
生死劫 tsume-ko
点来 nakade
劫材 kozai
先手 sente
定式 formalized series of moves

动词


围 contain
拆(与本方子隔开) extend
立 sagari
叫吃 atari (cheok)
打入 uehikomi (invade)
挂角 kakari
逼 tsume (checking extension)
夹 hasami(pincer)
枷 geta

diagonal move
空 chi territory
长(贴本方子) nobi
切断 cut-in
腾挪 sabaki
提通 ponnuki
挖 warikom(wedge)
压 kake (pressing move);oshi(push)
挤去眼 sashikomi
断点 cutting point
空提 ponnuki
断 cut
靠 tsuke
跳 jump
挡 osae
打 atari
提子 take
托角 touke(corner)

英语棋谚(合集)

Extend one when crosscut
扭断长一边

The one-space jump is never bad
单关无恶手

Extend three from a wall of two
立二拆三

Increase the sacrifice to two stones
弃一不如弃二

Capture the cutting stone
断哪吃哪

Don't approach thickness
厚势勿近

Ponnuki is worth 30 points
空提一子三十目

Don't push along the fifth line
恶手后推车

Don't crawl along the second line
爬二线大损

Six "die," eight live
Maybe :Seven "die," eight live
七死八活

The comb shape is alive
坂六活形

Moves in a capturing race: "5-8," 06-Dec
"刀五,花六不成活"

Me-ari me-nashi is a fight over nothing
有眼杀无眼

Play at the centre of symmetry
左右同型走中间

Strange things happen at the 02-Jan point
02-Jan 多妙手

The opponent's vital point is your vital point
"敌之要点,我之要点:"

 


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